Tuesday, August 25, 2020

Explaining Different Case Studies Types - Paperell.com

Clarifying Different Case Studies Types Clarifying Different Case Studies Types The projects of instruction in schools and colleges are so expanded and complex today that cutting edge understudies face a greater number of difficulties and assignments with each new semester. Today, getting an advanced education implies testing yourself, stretching it as far as possible, and, obviously, managing different composed assignments. Frequently, precisely these composed assignments cause the greatest worry to understudies. Not just such assignments are very exhausting, they additionally take an excess of time and require an individual to have an immense number of aptitudes including exploring, composing, breaking down, and basic reasoning. Not referencing that you need to comprehend the point well.Among all other scholarly papers, a contextual analysis is one of the most mind boggling ones. In spite of the fact that understudies are allocated to finish such tasks much infrequently than, for instance, an article, when this opportunity arrives, its absolutely impossible yo u can maintain a strategic distance from disarray and different issues. What are the key issues that you can confront? Essentially any, yet the greatest one is absence of involvement in such papers.Types Of Case StudiesBeing one of the greatest and most tedious undertakings that an understudy can be allocated to finish while learning at school or college, a contextual analysis frequently startles youthful specialists by its volume and a major number of prerequisites. What makes things much harder is that there are a few unique sorts of this paper you must know about. Each type has an alternate reason. Moreover, contextual investigations may fluctuate by subjects and objects of the investigation.To keep up great scholastic execution, an understudy ought to have the option to deal with different sorts of contextual analyses, see how they vary, and comprehend what structure or reason each ought to have. Beneath you can discover a rundown of this paper’s sorts with a nitty gritty portrayal of every that should assist you with seeing how to finish any of them.InstrumentalThe reason for composing an instrumental paper is to utilize a specific case so as to comprehend a particular wonder. I'm not catching it's meaning? In contrast to some different sorts of this task, an instrumental examination doesn't target investigating a subject, rather, it centers around the connection between the picked subject and a related phenomenon.ExploratoryThis type is particularly famous in different sociologies. The objective of such work is to demonstrate that there is a need to proceed with the examination of a specific issue and set up the hypothetical base for it, and that is the reason it is regularly utilized as a littler exploration directed before a bigger conventional work. For instance, a therapist needs to locate an elective method of rewarding schizophrenia, at that point an exploratory contextual analysis is the most ideal approach to distinguish the possibilities of his hypothesis. After such an examination, he can understand the futility or capability of the underlying idea.IntristicUnlike the instrumental, the fundamental enthusiasm of the intristic paper is simply the object of the examination and in this manner, on the off chance that you get this sort of undertaking you should concentrate on the picked or given subject, its encounters, sentiments, attributes, etc.ExplanatoryThis is the most generally utilized sort of work that can be alloted to understudies of different resources and, as you can comprehend from its name, the main objective you have here is to clarify a wonder, issue or question to the peruser. When in doubt, the subject of such examination can be any with the exception of individuals or gatherings of individuals; else, it very well may be an occasion, hypothesis, issue, wonder, and so forth. This is additionally the most effortless arrangement of such work. Since the reason for the undertaking is to give a definition to something, there are no outcomes that must be deciphered, so the main thing you should do is to pick your subject, investigate it and give an away from or Multiple-CaseThe principle unmistakable component of such works is that the cases for them are detailed dependent on the information obtained from various examinations arranged by different analysts. This sort of contextual analysis exists basically on the grounds that it permits an analyst to acquire all the fundamental materials for his logical work without squandering endeavors, cash or time on leading an individual investigation.ConclusionThese were the five unique kinds of contextual analyses. With this data you ought to have a superior thought of how to manage every one of them, what strategy for examination to utilize, and what center to make in your work. It is critical to take note of that in spite of the fact that these papers have various subjects or purposes, the structure of each will as a rule be the equivalent, whi ch makes it somewhat simpler, particularly on the off chance that you didn’t get an opportunity to increase a lot of involvement in such assignments yet.Without an uncertainty, it is a dull work paying little mind to the sort. Such undertakings require being mindful to subtleties, applying every one of your endeavors to lead a top to bottom examination, moving toward the errand genuinely, committing enough an ideal opportunity for its usage, and following the given rules. Not referencing that it requires being knowledgeable in your field of science. Along these lines, finishing such task can be very hard for certain understudies, while others can have the option to deal with it yet likely will burn through an excess of time on it. Fortunately, you can enroll powerful contextual analysis composing help from the journalists whose experience and polished methodology will permit you to get the most elevated appraisal easily and without burning through a lot of your valuable time!

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Edgar Degas's Sculpture Little Dancer, Aged Fourteen Essay

Edgar Degas' Sculpture Little Dancer, Aged Fourteen - Essay Example In the event that one is talking with Marshall Berman, advancement is depicted as a method of crucial experience-understanding of reality, of oneself as well as other people, of life's prospects and hazards that is shared by people everywhere throughout the present reality. I will call this group of experience 'advancement' (Berman, 1982). It includes the social changes that are continually coming to fruition, the manner by which these progressions are experienced and the impression of these encounters in different circles. It is a universe of definition and vagueness, a universe of static definitions and steady change. For Marshall Berman, the inconsistencies of innovation are portrayed by an inclination to arrange reality while at the same time advancing their ruination and disappointment. A significant number of these ideas are interestingly material to Edgar Degas' just freely showed mold, a little wax figure of a youthful ballet performer passing on a solid feeling of character entitled Little Dancer Aged Fourteen. In depicting the cutting edge human, Berman says they are moved on the double by a will to change - to change both themselves and their reality - and by a dread of confusion and breaking down, of life self-destructing (Berman, 1982). Through this announcement, it is anything but difficult to see the clashing feelings of an individual experiencing change of any sort. Relating it to regular daily existence, an individual may endeavor to seek after a fantasy profession by leaving their place of employment and propelling their very own business, and yet be incapacitated by the dread of this new pursuit coming up short, or more awful, succeeding. In any case, it speaks to an adjustment in the manner in which things have been. To be present day is to carry on with an existence of Catch 22 and inconsistency. It is to be overwhelmed by the huge bureaucratic associations that have the ability to control and frequently to decimate all networks, qualities, lives; but to be courageous in our ass urance to confront these powers, to battle to change their reality and make it our own. It is to be both progressive and traditionalist: alive to additional opportunities for experience and experience, startled by the agnostic profundities to which such a significant number of present day undertakings lead (Berman, 1982). These were the thoughts developing on the planet as Degas was working in his studio and the thoughts that have been found inside the little state of his small artist. The beginning of the sculpture isn't completely known. As per the chief master on the sculpture, Richard Kendall, the craftsman made the sculpture between the long stretches of 1878 and 1881 when he was in his center forties. This was at the tallness of his contribution with Impressionism and his model is viewed as the principal significant figure related with the development. Impressionism is to a great extent viewed as a development inside Modernism wherein accentuation was put on the enthusiastic substance of the picture more than the physical substance. Specialists working during this period committed themselves to the delineation of human feelings as found through the hues and lines of their work as opposed to through the images and types of the photo and the machine age. In doing as such, these craftsmen were endeavoring to delve profound into the sentiment of human experience as a methods for finding the genuine truth of what being human implied; at the end of the day, to comm unicate the brilliant. Lyotard (1984) depicts this procedure as an endeavor to make obvious that

Saturday, August 1, 2020

The 2010 Application is Live COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY - SIPA Admissions Blog

The 2010 Application is Live COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY - SIPA Admissions Blog My staff did a great job during crunch time this past week and we were able to meet our deadline to make the new application for this year available. We are most excited about the fact that 100% of the required documents and information required to be considered for admission can be submitted on the application site there is no need to send us a single document via postal mail. We changed our philosophy this year and rather than requiring official documents from every single applicant, we will only require that official copies of transcripts and test scores be submitted if an applicant is admitted and chooses to enroll. It did not make a lot of sense for us to require official documents from everyone when in the end, required documents are only really necessary for those who enroll. So, applicants now have the ability to upload academic transcripts and we will allow applicants to self report test scores official score reports are not required to be considered for admission. The application is broken into two sections:   Part 1 and Part 2. Part 1 is comprised of three sections: Application form (mostly biographical information) Names of those who will be submitting letters of recommendation Application fee Thats it.   Part 1 is quite simple and does not take long to fill out. We recommend that you complete Part 1 as soon as possible so that you become an active applicant in our system and so that the system can send out messages with detailed instructions to those that will be writing recommendation letters for you. Part 2 will not become visible until Part 1 is submitted.   Part 2 will allow you to: Upload your personal statement Upload the two required résumés Indicate your native language and second language ability Submit your test scores Upload academic transcripts Please note that test scores can be updated anytime in the system up to the deadline.   This means that you can submit Part 2 anytime you like, and come back before the deadline to update scores. Lets say that it is early December and you have everything finished, have taken the GRE previously, but will be taking the GRE again in late December. In this example there is no need to wait to submit Part 2. You can go ahead and submit/upload everything and return later in December to indicate your new test scores.   Do note that once you submit Part 2 the only section you will be able to update is the test score section.   The system will not allow you to update your personal statement, résumé, or transcripts once Part 2 has been submitted. Thats it.   Be sure to read the instructions on the site carefully and to get started simply click here.   The deadline for spring consideration is October 1st and the fall deadline is January 5th.   We look forward to working with you!

Friday, May 22, 2020

Abraham Lincolns Path to Achieving Success - 680 Words

Abraham Lincoln was the sixteenth president of the United States, and led America through one of the biggest struggles our country has ever faced. Coming from a humble upbringing he didn’t quite have everything on a silver platter. That however did not stop him from achieving success. He took his gifts and talents given from God and made the best of them changing our life now, and for years to come. Abraham Lincoln was born February 12, 1809 in a one room log cabin near Hodgenville, Kentucky. His Father was a carpenter and a farmer who moved the Lincolns to Indiana when Abe was only seven. At the age of nine his mother died from drinking bad milk from a cow. Abraham`s Father remarried to a women who had gotten along with Abe wello. Abraham`s stepmother had introduced him to education, and also to books. When he wasn’t working on his Fathers farmhouse then he was constantly reading. At the age of 21 his family moved again to Illinois. Not long after that he set off again on his own at the age of 22. As a grown man he stood tall at 6’4’’ in the town of New Salem, Illinois. He developed a good reputation as he could split rails and chop big trees. At first he worked as a clerk in the grocery store, having only one local grocery store he got to know the people well. Soon he decided to run for the Legislature, and after many failed attempts he became a lawyer and was very successful. He later volunteered in the Black Hawk War, and while deployed he was veryShow MoreRelatedAbraham Lincoln: Organizational Culture and Leadership5118 Words   |  21 PagesGroup Assignment Part I: Organizational Culture ‘Imperial College of Business Studies (ICBS)’ Part II: Leadership ‘Abraham Lincoln’ Introduction This report has been compiled as a group assignment under continuous assessments for BUS 4304 – ‘Organizational Culture and Leadership’, a subject which is followed during the Semester 1 of the 4th Academic Year for the Bachelor’s Degree – Business Administration (Special) offered by the University of Sri Jayewardenepura. As per the guidelinesRead MoreVoices of Equality in Harriet Beecher Stowes Book, Uncle Toms Cabin1373 Words   |  6 Pagesall Americans under the Constitution, there are three that will be discussed in this report – the writer, the President, and the minister. Harriet Beecher Stowe wrote a book that put the issue of slavery in the minds of every American, President Abraham Lincoln took office with Civil War on the horizon, and Lucretia Mott stood strong as an Abolitionist and used the momentum of that fight to secure the rights of all American men and women. The Writer Harriet Beecher Stowe brought the suffering ofRead MoreEmancipation and the Freedmen’s Bureau2539 Words   |  11 PagesAmerican Civil War was a chaotic and bloody conflict for the United States. While the Civil War was not strictly fought over slavery, it was a central factor. At the outbreak of the war, there were approximately four million slaves in the Union. With Lincolns Emancipation Proclamation, those slaves were declared free men. However a large majority of those slaves were located in territory held by the Confederacy, and it was not until the end of the conflict that that these men and women actually saw theirRead MoreIndian Democracy at Crossroad3296 Words   |  14 Pagesmore democratic Democracy, the form of government where supreme power is directly or indirectly vested in people, has become a global discourse that can be gauged from the fact that many post-colonial countries have adopted it with remarkable success. The dramatic global expansion of democracy in the last few decades in post-colonial countries speak volume of this most popular form of representative government. The ever fluctuating political dynamics coupled with changing socio-economic patternsRead MoreEssay about The Slave Trade in Colonial America4298 Words   |  18 Pagesslaves issued by President Lincoln. November 7- The president replaces McClellan with Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside as the new Commander of the Army of the Potomac. Lincoln had grown impatient with McClellans slowness to follow up on the success at Antietam, even telling him, If you dont want to use the army, I should like to borrow it for a while. December 13 - Army of the Potomac under Gen. Burnside suffers a costly defeat at Fredericksburg in Virginia with a loss ofRead Morewisdom,humor and faith19596 Words   |  79 Pagessuch as: seeing things clearly; seeing things as they are deeply understanding the human/cosmic situation being able to handle whatever arises with peace of mind and an effective, compassionate, holistic response. He also notes that psychologist Abraham Maslow suggested that wise people â€Å"tended to be more detached than ordinary from the dictates and expectations of their culture. They were inner-directed people. They were creative, too, and appreciated the world around them with a sense of awe andRead MoreImpact of Emerging Markets on Marketing15122 Words   |  61 Pagessegmentation, pricing, advertising, and distribution; typical moderating variables have been culture, government policy, administrative rules and regulations, and level of economic development. The most common outcome variables are entry failure or success, premium pricing, market share, and profitability. Finally, the most common mediating variables are consumers’ predisposition and local competition. The tone of this research seems to be colonial in its mind-set about emerging markets, probably becauseRead MoreLogical Reasoning189930 Words   |  760 Pagesout of here! b. Im sure Martin Luther King Jr. didnt die during the 1960s, because it says right here in the encyclopedia that he was assassinated in Memphis in 1998. c. The Republican Party began back in the 1850s as a U.S. political party. Abraham Lincoln was their first candidate to win the presidency. d. I don’t believe you when you say Martin Luther King Jr. could have been elected president if he hadn’t been assassinated. Try to discipline yourself to read and answer these sample exercises

Sunday, May 10, 2020

Essay on Family Structure and Juvenile Delinquency

Traditional families are becoming a thing of the past. Women are no longer staying at home and assuming their womanly roles that society once expected from them. Due to their choices and living environment, they have to do what they can to raise the children that being into this world. Women nowadays are becoming mothers at an early age and often have to the raise the child on their own. Due to this hardship, they must improvise when it comes to adjusting to the change of now raising a child and their parenting skills. They must manage their personal goals while trying to provide a stable structure for their child. Many times they fall short due to their lack of resources and stress. Regardless of their romantic relationship status, it†¦show more content†¦McLanahan, 2005). She started doing research to prove that children in single parent homes were not at a disadvantaged compared to children who had both parents (Charen, 1995). Sara soon realized that quite contrary was true. It does make a difference if the child is raised by one parent or two parents. â€Å"Children raised by only one parent were twice as likely to drop out of high school, get pregnant before marriage, have drinking problems and experience a host of other difficulties (including getting divorced themselves) than were children raised by two married parents† (Charen, 1995). This meant that this would create a cycle of family dysfunction. Children were not becoming productive in society, and were repeating their parent’s mistakes. It was evident that fathers needed to play a role in their child’s life. A father had to be involved in the child’s life in positive light. They could not be in and out of jail or participating in delinquent behavior. Since the 19 90s, she has been researching what will be become of children born to unmarried couples (Goldfarb, 2014) Nowadays 40 percent of births take place when couples are not married, but 50 years ago that percentage was only 5 percent (Goldfarb, 2014). Early results uncovered that more than 80 percent of unmarried parents were in a committed relationship when their child was born, but only a third stayed together after five years (Goldfarb, 2014). By this time, almost a quarter ofShow MoreRelatedFamily Structure And Juvenile Delinquency1671 Words   |  7 Pagescrime is mostly known as juvenile delinquency. Juvenile delinquency is defined as young adults, people under eighteen, braking or violating the law (Websters). Family structure can affect juvenile delinquency in numerous ways. Family structure can include family support system, home environment, and family unity. The independent variable is family structure and the dependent variable is juvenile delinquency. Home environment plays a role in the production of juvenile delinquency. Kierkus and HewittRead MoreFamily Structure And Juvenile Delinquency1626 Words   |  7 Pagesincreasing the number of crimes committed by minors. Family structure can affect juvenile delinquency in numerous ways. The independent variable is family structure and the dependent variable is juvenile delinquency. Home environment plays a role in the production of juvenile delinquency. Kierkus and Hewitt (2009) in The Contextual Nature of the Family Structure/Delinquency relationship discussed how family structure is an important factor in delinquency but there might also be other factors that influenceRead MoreThe Effects Of Juvenile Delinquency On The Criminal Justice System1691 Words   |  7 Pagesminors. Juvenile delinquency has impacted the criminal justice system in various ways. It has grown over the past years and many do not know how it evolved. For once, family structure can affect juvenile delinquency in numerous of ways. The independent variable is family structure and the dependent variable is juvenile delinquency. Home environment does indeed play a role in the production of juvenile delinquency. Kierkus and Hewitt (2009) in The Contextual Nature of the Family Structure/DelinquencyRead MoreThe Main Finding Is Thus That The Variable â€Å"Adoptee† Is1432 Words   |  6 PagesThe main finding is thus that the variable â€Å"adoptee† is a risk factor for delinquency for Danish-born adoptees and stepchildren, but not for adopted immigrants. (Laubjerg, 367). They then eliminated the country of origin to see what would happen, and they found that the risk of delinquency increased which proves that it is origin that causes the risk of delinquency. The immigration and the adoption is not what brings about the risk. Danish adoptees greater than 12 months at adoption and stepchildrenRead MoreUnique Juvenile Situations Faced by Correctional Officers1315 Words   |  6 PagesRUNNING HEAD: UNIQUE SITUATIONS WHEN DEALING WITH JUVENILES Unique Situations When Dealing With Juveniles Corrections Professor Sunshine Richards Juvenile crime rates have been a main concern for law enforcement officials throughout the past several decades. â€Å"Over the past several decades, the number of juvenile arrests have been relatively stable except for increases in juvenile violent crime, as murder arrests for juvenile offenders increased by 93 percent during the 1980s and arrestsRead MoreThe Negative Effects Of Juvenile Delinquency1286 Words   |  6 PagesLiving in poverty when I was a child, made me realize now that I am older how my life could have been completely different. I had family and friends who lived in a single parent household and others who lived with both of their parents; it made a tremendous impact on how they would behave, their morals, and values. Many of the other children who used to live in the same neighborhood as I did not appreciate the same values I would. Some of us continue going to school which was a small percentage whileRead More Juvenile Crime and Socio Economic Factors Essay161 0 Words   |  7 Pagescurbed at any cost. Crime at a juvenile age is on one hand a crime against property and life, and on the other a crime against humanity. It is a much graver social danger that holds the seed of an evident social disaster implanted into it. Criminologists hold different views regarding the root of juvenile crime and that often leads into quite the argument. Irrespective of those theoretical head on collisions, the presence of socio economic factors behind each juvenile crime committed is almost acceptedRead MoreFactors Contributing For Criminal Activity Among African Americans1587 Words   |  7 PagesBurgess investigated the seven wards of Chicago where he found that there were high levels of delinquency in the fourth ward which had poor home conditions, poverty, and bad influence on the city’s youth (Gabbidon,2015). As stated in, Criminological Perspectives on Race and Crime by Shaun L Gabbidon, Social Disorganization is the breakdown in equilibrium forces, that creates a decay in social structure so that old habits and forms of social control are no longer effective (2015). There are manyRead MoreSocial Outcasts and Juvenile Deliquency Essay909 Words   |  4 Pagesstatus. Social outcast are also hated, discriminated and persecuted by the society and as a result they may result into being depressed and lonely. Juvenile Delinquency refers some illegal and antisocial behaviors by persons who are under the age of 18 thus are minors. This means behaviors that would be regarded as crime if done by an adult. Juvenile delinquent refers to those children or adolescent who behave in the said antisocial manner. Some of such behaviors are associated with mental disordersRead MoreJuvenile Delinquency Essay1646 Words   |  7 PagesA juvenile delinquent offense is an act committed by a juvenile for which an adult would be tried at a criminal court. New statistics give an alarming picture: juvenile delinquency is higher as never before. According to the census bureau, in 2008 there were 1,653,000 recorded delinquent offenses in the United States. This is a 23.6% increase from 1990 when 1,337,000 delinquent offenses occurred. Today, a lot of people demand lowering the age of criminal responsibility and draconian penalties (Jenson

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Irish Free Essays

Irish BY nckyb23 Irish Influencing America Ways The Irish traditions influence many things in American that we Americans really barely even realize The annual celebration of Saint Patrick’s Day is a generally known as a sign of the Irish existence in America. One of the largest celebrations of the Irish holiday takes place in New York, where the annual St. Patrick’s Day Parade draws anywhere to two million people. We will write a custom essay sample on Irish or any similar topic only for you Order Now The second-largest celebration is held in Boston at the South Boston Parade. It’s one the nation’s oldest dating back to 1737. On day like St. Patrick’s Day Irish music is played everywhere the same Irish song that date back o the 1700s Irish traditional music in the United States has its own history, both in recording culture and by live performances. Emigrants from Ireland brought their instruments and traditions to the United States since the earliest days of European colonization of the New World. The learning and playing of Irish music by first and second generation Irish-Americans helped the spread of Irish music. And then yet another is the widespread interest in the music. In the 1890s, Irish music entered a â€Å"golden age† centered on the lively scene in New York City. Though the golden age nded by the Great Depression, the 1950s saw a highpoint of Irish music, added by the foundation of the City Center Ballroom in New York where Irish gatherings are held. In the Depression and World War, Irish traditional music in New York was belittled by showband culture. Performers like Jack Coen, Paddy O’Brien, Larry Redican, and Paddy Reynolds kept the tradition alive in the United States, and were teachers of the music to Irish Americans. Many of the great Irish American performers like Andy McGann, Brian Conway, Joannie Madden, Jerry O’Sullivan, Liz Carroll and Billy McComiskey would achieve many accomplishments in the traditional usic usually associated with native Irish. Later Irish emigration to New York and beyond by James Keane, Mick Moloney, Paddy Keenan, and others through the 1960s, 1970s and 80s, ensured the music performed in America stayed The Irish music was such a big influence that it had people making collections like Francis O’Neill. He was a Chicago police chief who collected the single largest collection of Irish traditional music ever published. He was a flautist and piper who was part of a vibrant Irish community in Chicago at the time, one that included some forty thousand people, ncluding musicians from â€Å"all thirty-two counties of Ireland†, according to Nicholas Carolan, who referred to O’Neill as â€Å"the greatest individual influence on the evolution of Irish traditional dance music in the twentieth century† connected to Ireland. The Irish population didn’t only Just influence Americans to like there music they also had their influence in other positions in society. The Boston Celtics is a prime example of this. Many Irish immigrants came to Boston, New York, and Philadelphia ports on ships from Ireland. By the time the Boston Celtics basketball team started, Boston had a large Irish ethnic population. Celtic is another name for Irish, and these names are used often. Today Boston has the largest Irish population of any American city. The person who chose the name had an Irish friend named McHugh and decided to name the team Celtics. The Irish are known for green, and the Celtics uniforms are green. You can’t say Irish in American without pub behind it A pub is very important to the Irish people. It’s where they could sit back, relax, enjoy a few good stories, and share a goodtime with others. American-Irish people have made Pubs very popular simply for the aspect of the alcohol and traditional sing alongs. The two aspects have attracted more than Just Irish people. Folks of all ethnicities go to Irish pubs for a drink and have a good time. As you can see Irish Americans have been in America changing culture for many years and for those many year contributed to U. S. culture in a wide variety of fields: I only explained a few that really interest myself the most but they have influenced many other Aspects of Untied States culture like the fine and performing arts, film, literature, politics, and religion. Irish people have done a great deal of influencing American culture. How to cite Irish, Papers

Wednesday, April 29, 2020

Child Prodigies Essay Example

Child Prodigies Essay | Child Prodigies: A Blessing or a Curse? | Term Essay| | | Mona S. November/28/2012 | Child Prodigy: A Blessing or a Curse? A child prodigy is an individual, who at a very early age (mostly under the age of 10) is a master of one or a couple of skills or arts. These individuals or children display expert ability or a deep grasp of the fundamentals in a field usually only undertaken by adults. Using a specific term which expresses or defines a child prodigy can change attitudes portrayed towards such individuals such as gifted, talented, superior, rapid learner, able student, bright, exceptional, and even genius. Although there are many terms used to define a child prodigy, the most accepted and preferred terms used are gifted or exceptional (Laycock, 1957). Barbara Clark (1997) identifies a child prodigy as an exceptionally gifted individual who seems to have different value structures, which usually allow them to cope with the conflict or difference they find between their perception of life and that of the average person. According to D. Feldman (1993), a child prodigy may have a reasonably high, but not necessarily exceptionally high, IQ. Prodigies tend to be unusually focused, determined, and highly motivated to reach the highest levels of their fields. They are often marked by great confidence in their abilities, along with a naive sense of these abilities. Thomas Crescimbeni (1966) refer to the gifted or child prodigies as individuals that have an IQ of 115 and higher. However, that could only be implied to highly intellectual individuals as there are many different forms of child prodigies. We will write a custom essay sample on Child Prodigies specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Child Prodigies specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Child Prodigies specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer I am interested in child prodigies for many reasons as it plays a huge role on how they are raised and how they socialize with others. To others a child prodigy might be a blessing but to child prodigies it is a curse depending on how they are treated. Here are some reasons as to why it is perceived that way: Most child prodigies are denied from having a normal and healthy childhood especially by their parents as they want them to focus on improving their â€Å"gift† and sometimes it happens for the child’s own benefit or in other cases to be used to obtain fame and fortune. It might be a good thing, especially for child prodigies that are â€Å"gifted† in the arts field, to improve and practice on it for future use but it must be done in a healthy and proper way so that children can have a childhood which would help them interact and engage within a society in a normal and functional way, however, denying child prodigies from having a normal, play balanced childhood might eventually turn out disastrous as they will not know how to engage or behave in an acceptable behaviour within their society and it would probably cause them to develop a non-friendly, egoistic, and obnoxious attitude towards others as they believe they are better than the rest. This might cause their lives to brake or be unfulfilled for many reasons that I will expand on throughout this essay. And there is also the widespread belief that young geniuses are pushed and nudged to extremes by one or both parents. Von Karolyi and Winner (2005) believe that the ‘talentedâ€℠¢ train and practice extensively, and this practice is necessary for the development of performance. However, thoughtful practice is a very special form of activity that differs from mere experience and mindless drill. Unlike playful engagement with peers deliberate practice is not inherently enjoyable. It also differs from successful performance in front of an audience, which is rewarded with applause, praise and receiving prizes. According to Yoga (2008), parents who wish or hope that their child is a prodigy need to rethink that whole notion especially due to the recent reports that have been portrayed within the media about child prodigies. When a child receives a reputation for excellence, originality, and brilliance for their gift, parents become so pleased with the child’s performance and deny any involvement and although this might cause the child to feel delighted with their successful outcome, they face the difficulty of defining their own contributions and would eventually acquire feelings of doubt and ambiguity about their own abilities. What makes things worse is that parents’ standards keep increasing after each accomplishment which causes new projects difficult to start and this would only make the child feel that their finishing product will never be good enough therefore causing them to pick simple tasks where they will not worry about failing in. Goal setting may become defensive, aimed at protecting against feelings of failure or low ability (Covington and Beery, 1976). Competition encourages and motivates gifted children to perform to the best of their high ability, and the recognition they receive for their successes provides the motivation for continued competition. However, there are some negative side effects of extreme competitiveness. Child prodigies have to deal with a lot of stress and pressure on their performance because of the expectations that the people around them have of them and from the repeated adult praise such as being perfect, best, or the smartest. The world imposes adult expectations on them, and they are really only children. The challenge of allowing and encouraging gifted children a childhood remains the challenge to the parents and teachers of such children. In my opinion, too many children are pushed too soon into a world that they shouldn’t really be expected to live in. It’s up to the parents to shelter them from harm, and gently show them or introduce them to the real world and its negative side with clear and loving understanding. I don’t know any child prodigies personally, but I am guessing that for a long time they live in a protected bubble where everyone thinks they are special for their talent and not for being a person, when they grow up there talent is not as noticeable anymore and therefore their novelty appeal has worn off, they are then expected to live in the â€Å"real world† with no understanding of what it entails and how to interact on a social level. Parents would unintentionally be treating their â€Å"gifted children† differently from their â€Å"normal† children which would only cause sibling rivalry which can be minimized and adjusted but will not disappear. Usually sibling rivalry occurs due to the competition for parent’s attention and sometimes their resources. Cornell (1986) found that â€Å"non-gifted† siblings of gifted children were less well-adjusted than a control group of other non-gifted children. Some child prodigies feel entitled to special treatment yet rarely get it. This could include being excused from certain activities or classes to be given the opportunity to work on their â€Å"gift†. By receiving such special treatments child prodigies could fall in two paths, one of which they are being bullied by others due to their special treatment. Gifted children today experience many disruptions in their lives. Some of these disruptions are relatively unique to them, such as needing to hide how well they do at school as a means to fitting into an anti-intellectual school environment (Coleman Cross, 2001). All children are affected adversely by bullying, but gifted children differ from other children in significant ways, and what they experience may be qualitatively different. The personality traits and interests of many gifted children may make them targets of bullying by their classmates. At the same time gifted children may be more susceptible to the emotional damage that bullying can inflict. Usually the bullying will occur verbally in order to avoid a lot of trouble from physically abusing their targets and would include segregating the gifted child from peers and other activities, whether it is within class or outside. The gifted children would be called names such as â€Å"teacher’s pet† or â€Å"smarty-pants†. These days bullying can be done very easily that it would spread virally, i. e. cyber bullying. Some gifted children tend to be more timid than other gifted or non-gifted children due to lack of socialization if parents insist on them practicing their â€Å"gift† all the time for their future’s sake therefore they might keep it to themselves about being bullied and sooner or later without seeking help, or even though they do seek for help they are ignored by the adults within the society who believe that the bullying will eventually stop which it does not, it might cause the gifted children to commit suicide as they are tired of the endless bullying. Sometimes the bullying can also cause the gifted child to feel hatred or lose interest in their â€Å"gift† and would not want to engage in such activities again. The same thing can happen if the child is forced to practice their â€Å"gift† all the time, such as the piano, and is denied their childhood or freedom and is treated as a tool for fame and success. Another path the child prodigy could fall under would be self-social segregation where the child prodigy would not want to spend time with the other normal children as they view themselves to be way better than others. Sometimes, when denied the access for special treatment, it might frustrate and cause them to be even more aggressive, driven, and overachieving than they are by nature. As the child is dehumanised and instrumentalized or taught to ignore reality and to occupy the parental fantastic space, such an unfortunate child feels almighty and all-knowing, perfect and brilliant, worthy of adoration and entitled to special treatment. The empathy, compassion, a ealistic assessment of ones abilities and limitations, realistic expectations of oneself and of others, personal boundaries, team work, social skills, perseverance and goal-orientation, not to mention the ability to postpone gratification and to work hard to achieve it are all lacking or missing altogether. Sex or gender di fferences do matter in accordance to being gifted. Reis and Callahan (1989) emphasize the importance of distinguishing between sex or gender differences, i. e. relating the biological and the sociocultural differences. The possibility of gender differences in interests, and perhaps even in cognitive activity, which would lead girl and boy prodigies toward different domains for study and mastery. These differences might also be biologically based to some extent; they are undoubtedly heavily patterned and reinforced by cultural values. Whatever their origins, it appears at first blush that girl prodigies are better represented in some fields than others, and further exploration of why this might be the case is in order. When we know more about such relationships, we may understand more about gender differences or at least individual differences in the development of specific talents. Why prodigies are found in some fields and not others, and whether certain fields attract more children of one gender than the other, is a matter for further attention. Being gifted or a prodigy also differs on what culture you are from, i. e. if a specific culture views you as a prodigy or not, as well as your socio-economic status because they might be rarely identified or described as gifted or talented if they are from a poor rural area. Peers of economically deprived or culturally different gifted children usually do not place a huge value on school achievement. Family, cultural, and language differences and testing circumstances must be considered as values and beliefs can affect ability testing. An understanding of different cultures is an important factor in both identifying who is gifted and how to set up a program that would help nurture their gift in a non-smothering manner. According to Bernal, 1979; Bruch, and Curry, 1978, an interesting way to find such gifted people in these cultures would be to meet with students named by peers as out-of-school â€Å"leaders† who can explain characteristics of culturally valued giftedness within their own peer culture. Overall, I would like to state that child prodigy might be something good but only if the child was handled with care and love and given a lot of freedom of choice and opportunity to pursue their dreams otherwise they would be perceived as tools or mini adults with no mind or will of their own that are forced to do what pleases others. Brainstorm/Web Chart Here is a Brainstorm of ideas or a web chart of my term topic paper â€Å"Child prodigy: A blessing or a curse† References Bernal, E. M. (1979). The education of the culturally different gifted. In A. H. Passow (Ed. ), The gifted and the talented (pp. 395-400). Chicago: National Society for the Study of Education. Bruch, C. B. , ; Curry, J. A. (1978). Personal Learnings: A current synthesis on the culturally different gifted. Gifted Child Quarterly, 22, 33-32 Clark, B. 1997). Growing up gifted: Developing the potential of children at home and at school. Upper Saddle River, N. J: Merrill. Cornell, D. G. , ; Grossberg, I. N. ( 1986). Siblings of children in gifted programs. Journal for the Education of the Gifted, 9, 253-264. Coleman, L. J. ; Cross, T. L. (2001). Being gifted in school: An introduction to development, guidance, and teaching. Waco, TX: Prufrock Press. Covington, M. V. ; Beery, R. G. (1976). Self-worth and school learning. New York: Holt. Feldman, D. H. (1993). Child Prodigies: A Distinctive Form of Giftedness. Gifted Child Quarterly, 37, 4, 188-93. Laycock, S. R. (1957). Gifted children. Toronto: The Copp Clark Teachers Handbook Series. Reis, S. M. , Callahan, C. M. (1989). Gifted females: They’ve come a long way—or have they? Journal for the Education of the Gifted, 12, 99-117. Thomas, G. I. , Crescimbeni, J. (1966). Guiding the gifted child. New York: Random House. Von. Karolyi, C. and Winner, E. 2005. â€Å"Extreme giftedness†. In Conceptions of giftedness, Edited by: Sternberg, R. J and Davidson, J. E. 377–394. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. (2nd edn) Yoga, S. S. (2008, April 14). Child prodigy: Two sides of genius. The star online. Retrieved from http://thestar. com. my/lifestyle/story. asp? file=/2008/4/14/lifefocus/20902655sec=lifefocus